Risk Management – Overview, Importance And Processes

Risk Management – Overview, Importance And Processes

Risk management is a critical component of running any business. If you don’t manage risks, you may be placing your entire organization – including team members – at grave risk. That being said, risk management can be tricky because it is sometimes hard to identify potential threats and what they might mean for your organization.

This blog post will provide an overview of risk management, its importance in today’s world of uncertainty, and the various processes involved in risk management.

Overview of Risk Management

Risk management is a process that helps in the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risk. A risk can be defined as the potential for loss or harm to an organization’s assets. The risks associated with risk management include financial, reputational, regulatory, operational risks, as well as risks to human resources. There are some key principles underlying how businesses should approach risk management, which include:

  • Risks shall be managed by a risk-based process and integrated into the organization’s strategic planning.
  • Risk assessment shall identify and assess risks as they are identified or discovered through experience.
  • There should be an active commitment to risk control measures so that potential losses can be mitigated.

Importance of Risk Management

Every organization, whether big or small, faces certain threats. These can take the form of financial, technical, political, economic, even human threats. It is critical for every organization to identify, assess and define responses to each type of threat in order to avoid potential disasters.

The purpose of risk management is to identify and assess risks and take appropriate action where necessary in order to avoid the negative consequences of those risks.

During risk management, an organization attempts to identify and evaluate any and all potential risks to its assets in order to mitigate the negative consequences of any exposure to those risks. Risk assessment evaluates the nature of each risk and its probability of occurrence. Finally, risk control can be used to eliminate or mitigate damages if a risk becomes a reality.


Risk management provides the framework for a company’s risk response and is essential when dealing with uncertainty, chance or volatility. Below are the high-level processes involved in risk management:

  • Risk identification and categorization: Here, the organization lists all risks they have identified and categorize them based on their affected areas.
  • Risk analysis & evaluation: During this exercise, the organization will assess the identified risks based on their likelihood of occurrence and the severity of their impact on the organization.
  • Risk response: During this process, the organization decides how to respond to each of the identified and analyzed risks. Responses could include:
    • Risk prevention: In this case, the organization will try and eliminate the chances of risk occurring.
    • Risk containment: If a risk cannot be prevented, then the organization will take steps to contain or minimize its impact in case it does occur.
    • Risk acceptance: In some cases, due to some harsh realities, a risk cannot be prevented or contained, in which case an organization simply decides to accept the risk.

Risk management is a process that every organization – no matter what the size – should be aware of and partake in regularly. It is essential to develop your risk management plan so you can avoid potential disasters such as fraud, theft, or data breaches that may negatively impact your business and customers. 

Merletti Gonzales International is an international security firm with decades of experience helping organizations develop reliable risk management plans. If you are based in Louisville, KY, get in touch with us today to learn how we can help you identify, analyze and mitigate the risks facing you.